Pollinator Conservation Resources – Mid-Atlantic Region

The pollinator resources found on this page support habitat restoration in southern New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and northern North Carolina.

View all the regions in North America for other pollinator resources.
Click here to access national resources for the US and Canada including:

  • Conservation guides and fact sheets for farms, gardens, parks and natural areas
  • Information on native bee nests
  • Pollinator plant lists
  • Pesticide guides
  • Bee identification and monitoring resources

For questions, comments, or to suggest additional content, please email [email protected].

Recommended Pollinator Plants

Pollinator Plants: Mid-Atlantic Region (The Xerces Society: fact sheet)
Recommended native plants that are highly attractive to pollinators such as native bees, honey bees, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds, and are well-suited for small-scale plantings in gardens, on business and school campuses, in urban greenspaces, and in farm field borders.

Native Plant Profiles and Lists (Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: web site resource)
The Xerces Society has collaborated with the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center to create plant lists that are attractive to native bees, bumble bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects, as well as plant lists with value as nesting materials for native bees. These lists can be narrowed down with additional criteria such as state, soil moisture, bloom time, and sunlight requirements.

Regional Milkweed Guides A series of regional guides to the native milkweeds of North America, developed in cooperation with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Monarch Nectar Plant Guides While native milkweed is critical to support of monarch breeding, these regional guides were created to address a need for evidence-based, monarch-specific nectar plants throughout the U.S. These guides were developed in partnership with the Monarch Joint Venture and National Wildlife Federation and are geared toward gardeners and landscape designers but are also be useful for land managers who are implementing large-scale monarch restoration projects.

Delaware Native Plants for Native Bees (USDA-NRCS and Delaware Department of Agriculture: technical bulletin)
A guide to native plants that includes photos and cultural requirements of each species.

Conserving Wild Bees in Pennsylvania (Penn State University: web site resource)
A resource on the wild bees of Pennsylvania and how to select appropriate pollinator plants.

Native Plants that Provide Forage for Bees (North Carolina Cooperative Extension: web resource)
Web resource from the Chatham County North Carolina Cooperative Extension which includes a list of plants that provide forage for bees.

Conservation Guides

Xerces Society Pollinator Habitat Installation Guides (The Xerces Society: conservation guides)
These regional guidelines provide in-depth practical guidance on how to install nectar and pollen habitat for bees in the form of wildflower meadow plantings or linear rows of native flowering shrubs.

New Jersey Pollinator Habitat Installation Guide: Conservation Cover

New Jersey Pollinator Habitat Installation Guide: Hedgerows

Pennsylvania Conservation Cover (327) (Xerces and USDA-NRCS joint publication)
Specific to Pennsylvania, this guide provides detailed instructions for installing and maintaining pollinator habitat in the form of conservation cover according to NRCS Conservation Practice 327, complete with recommended native plant lists, example seed mixes, and a Job Sheet for planning, implementing, and completing the project.

Pennsylvania Hedgerow Planting (422) (Xerces and USDA-NRCS joint publication)
Specific to Pennsylvania, this guide provides detailed instructions for installing and maintaining pollinator habitat in the form of hedgerows according to NRCS Conservation Practice 422, complete with recommended native plant lists and a Job Sheet for planning, implementing, and completing the project.

Delaware Conservation Cover Job Sheet

Maryland Conservation Cover Job Sheet and Addendum

Pennsylvania Pollinator Habitat Assessment Form and Guide (The Xerces Society: conservation guide)
This regional habitat assessment tool enables you to evaluate specific pollinator habitat features before and after project implementation in both orchard and field crop settings.

Native Bee Benefits for Pennsylvania and New Jersey Farmers (Bryn Mawr and Rutgers University: fact sheet)
A guide to native bee pollinators of the Mid Atlantic states and the native plants that support them.

Habitat Development for Pollinators in New Jersey (New Jersey USDA-NRCS: technical note)
An in-depth technical guide to the enhancement of pollinator habitat for USDA conservation programs.

Wildflower Meadow for Wildlife and Pollinators (Virginia USDA-NRCS: job sheet)
A job sheet containing technical specifications for creating habitat through the NRCS Conservation Cover practice standard, as part of various USDA conservation programs.

Farming for Bees Brochure (Delaware Dept of Agriculture: brochure)
A general overview of bee conservation issues for Delaware farmers.

Farming for Native Bees in Delaware Field Guide (Delaware Dept of Agriculture: technical bulletin)
A guide to native bee species found in Delaware.

Farm Management for Native Bees: A Guide for Delaware (Delaware Dept of Agriculture: technical bulletin) This technical bulletin provides guidelines on how to balance common crop production practices with native bee conservation.

West Virginia Pollinator Handbook (West Virginia NRCS: handbook)
This extensive handbook focuses on the diversity and conservation of native bees and butterflies in and around farm land in West Virginia.

Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards (Second Edition)
Produced by Cornell University, Penn State University, The Xerces Society, Northeastern IPM Center, USDA Department of Agriculture, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. This book includes a photo guide to bees most important to apple production in the East, steps to conserving wild bee populations, plant recommendations to enhance habitat, summary of bee toxicities for commonly used orchard pesticides, and links to additional information.

Native Pollinator Plant Nurseries and Seed Companies

Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes
The Xerces Society works with leading wildflower seed producers in multiple regions of the U.S. to develop custom native seed mixes that feature the best pollen and nectar plants available. Local ecotype, source-identified seed that is not treated with pesticides is used wherever possible. Large volume mixes are available at wholesale pricing to help offset the costs of native plant restoration.

American Native Nursery, Quakertown, PA
American Native Nursery offers wholesale pricing on open-pollinated, 100% ecotyped native plugs and liners; foundation seed can be wild-collected from Massachusetts to Tennessee.

American Native Plants, Perry Hall, MD
This nursery specializes in trees and shrubs native to the Mid-Atlantic region, and also sells aquatic and herbaceous native plants.

Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve, New Hope, PA
Bowman’s Hill provides native Pennsylvania plant material and seeds of trees, shrubs, vines and wildflowers.

Carolina Wetland Services, Inc. , Charlotte, NC
The native plant nursery of Carolina Wetland Services provides aquatic, wetland and riparian plants of the Southeast region.

Chesapeake Native Nursery, College Park, MD
Chesapeake Natives provide local ecotype wildflowers and grasses by order to the Chesapeake Watershed area.

Delaware Native Plant Society, Dover, DE
The Delaware Native Plant Society’s nursery is dedicated to growing trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants that are native to the Delmarva Peninsula.

Earth First Native Plant Nursery, Egg Harbor Township, NJ
Earth First sells nursery-propagated native herbaceous and woody perennials of the Mid-Atlantic region, NJ Pinelands and Southern NJ shore, and does not ship west of the Great Plains.

Earth Sangha Wild Plant Nursery, Fairfax, VA
Earth Sangha’s Wild Plant Nursery provides a comprehensive selection of local ecotype native plants for ecological restoration in the Washington, DC, region.

Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery, LLC, Orefield, PA
Edge of the Woods is a retail container nursery specializing in native plants, including trees, shrubs, perennials, grasses, ferns and aquatic plants.

Enchanter’s Garden, Hinton, WV
Enchanter’s Garden specializes in native plants of the mid-Atlantic region.

Elk Mountain Nursery, Asheville, NC
Elk Mountain offers nursery-propagated perennials, shrubs, and trees, with a focus on Eastern U.S. natives.

Ernst Conservation Seed, Meadville, PA
Offers Xerces-reviewed seed mixes for pollinator conservation projects.
Ernst sells a diversity of Eastern ecotype native wildflower and grass seeds, as well as planting material of trees and shrubs.

Fort Pond Native Plants, Inc. , Montauk, NY
Fort Pond specializes in woody native plants and also offers ornamental trees, shrubs and flowers.

Gardens of the Blue Ridge, Pineola, NC
Gardens of the Blue Ridge sells native North Carolina wildflowers, ferns, shrubs as well as wildflower seed mixes.

Good Host Plants, Philadelphia, PA
Good Host Plants supplies straight species native plants with genetics of local provenance to the Mid-Atlantic, as well as select native cultivars and rare species – all best bests for attracting butterflies, moths, bees, other beneficial insects, and songbirds.

Herring Run Nursery, Baltimore, MD
Herring Run Nursery specializes in growing hard-to-find native shrubs, vines, trees and perennials for Maryland’s Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions.

Long Island Native Plant Initiative, Hampton Bays, NY
The Long Island Native Plant Initiative establishes commercial sources of genetically appropriate local plant materials for use in nursery, landscaping, and habitat restoration activities.

Mellow Marsh Farm, Siler City, NC
Mellow Marsh Farm specializes in plant material of trees, shrubs, wildflowers and wetland plants native to the Southeast.

Mid Atlantic Natives, New Freedom, PA
Mid Atlantic Natives sells Northeast and Chesapeake Bay Watershed region native trees, shrubs, perennials and grasses.

Nature By Design, Alexandria, VA
Nature By Design offers native trees, shrubs, perennials, and annuals found in the Atlantic area.

Niche Gardens, Chapel Hill, NC
Niche Gardens is a retail and mail-order nursery that specializes in native wildflowers and shrubs as well as garden varieties.

North Creek Nurseries, lnc. , Landenberg, PA
North Creek is a wholesale propagation nursery that sells New England native plants in plugs.

Northeast Natives & Perennials, Quakertown, PA
Northeast Natives & Perennials is a retail nursery specializing in native perennials, trees and shrubs of the northeastern U. S.

Octoraro Native Plant Nursery, Kirkwood, PA
Octoraro is a wholesale grower specializing in mid-Atlantic and Eastern regional native woody trees and shrubs and plugs of grasses and wildflowers.

Pinelands Nursery, Columbus, NJ
Pinelands Nursery is a wholesale supplier of native trees, shrubs and herbaceous species in the Northeast, carrying both plants and seeds.

Redbud Native Plant Nursery, Media, PA
Redbud sells native plants including trees, shrubs, grasses, vines, wildflowers and aquatic plants for the mid-Atlantic region.

Stadler Native Plants, Frederick, MD
This nursery offers a wide range of native trees, shrubs, perennials, and annual plants for the mid-Atlantic region.

Sugarbush Nursery, Mohnton, PA
Sugarbush provides trees, shrubs and perennials native to southeastern Pennsylvania.

Toadshade Wildflower Farm, Frenchtown, NJ
Toadshade provides nursery propagated perennial wildflowers native to the Northeastern U. S.

Wildflower Nursery, Marshall, NC
Wildflower nursery sells flowering plants and trees native to Western North Carolina.

Yellow Springs Farm Native Plant Nursery, Chester Springs, PA
Yellow Springs offers grasses, wildflowers, shrubs and trees native to Pennsylvania and Mid-Atlantic states.

Bee Identification and Monitoring Resources

Pennsylvania Citizen-Scientist Bee Monitoring Guide (Penn State: Instructional Handbook)
An instructional handbook for native bee survey efforts, used by the Penn State Master Gardener Program. The handbook assists users in identifying native bees to broad morphological categories for assessing general pollinator abundance and diversity. Developed in collaboration with the Xerces Society, this guide is useful in identifying broad groups of bees throughout the Northeastern U.S.

Pennsylvania Citizen-Scientist Bee Monitoring Pocket Guide (Penn State: field ID guide)
A pocket-sized printable field version of the taxonomic native bee groups described the Penn-State Citizen-Scientist Bee Monitoring Guide.

Yellowbanded Bumble Bee Pocket Identification Guide (The Xerces Society: field ID guide)
A full color print-and-fold guide to the yellowbanded bumble bee (Bombus terricola), a formerly common species believed to be in decline. Includes images of similar looking species.

Rusty-Patched Bumble Bee Pocket Identification Guide (The Xerces Society: field ID guide)
A full color print-and-fold guide to the rusty-patched bumble bee (Bombus affinis), a formerly common species believed to be in decline. Includes images of similar looking species.

Great Pollinator Project (Center for Biodiversity and Conservation/Greenbelt Native Plant Center: citizen science program)
The Great Pollinator Project (formerly NYC Bee Watchers) engages public participants with bee surveying efforts in New York City. Project goals are to 1) identify which areas of New York City have good pollination services (as determined by how quickly bees show up to pollinate flowers at various locations throughout the city); 2) increase understanding of bee distribution; 3) raise public awareness of native bees; and 4) improve park management and home gardening practices to benefit native bees.

Bumble bees of the Eastern United States
(USDA Forest Service: field ID guide)
This field guide was produced by the USDA Forest Service and the Pollinator Partnership. The Guide covers the most commonly encountered bumble bees of the Eastern United States. Each bee species has information on preferred food plants, nesting biology, seasonal activity patterns, identification guidelines, and distribution maps.


Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Mainstreaming of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services with a Focus on Pollination (Berkeley Food Institute)
The Berkeley Food Institute collaborated with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to author this publication. It considers the mainstreaming of ecosystem services at both national and international levels, with a focus on pollination services. Following work undertaken through the GEF/UNEP/FAO Global Pollination Project, and through funding from the Norwegian Environment Agency, this publication addresses the interface between science and policy as a contribution to the work of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

Supporting the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators
This set of guidelines, released as a follow-up to the President’s Memorandum on pollinator health, is a supplement to older guidance on sustainable management of landscapes. The guidance will help Federal agencies incorporate pollinator friendly practices into new federal construction and landscaping projects. Click here to download the guidelines, or read more at WhiteHouse.gov


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Pollinator Conservation Resource Center

The Resource Center is where you can find regional information about plant lists, habitat conservation guides, and more. Learn more.

Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes

Our partners in the native seed industry are offering specially designed, Xerces-approved wildflower seed mixes. Learn more.

Plant Milkweed Seed!

Milkweeds support monarch butterflies, native bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects. Search for sources of milkweed seed now!