Pollinator Conservation Resources – Pacific Northwest Region

The pollinator resources found on this page support habitat restoration in Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia.

View all the regions in North America for other pollinator resources.
Click here to access national resources for the US and Canada including:

  • Conservation guides and fact sheets for farms, gardens, parks and natural areas
  • Information on native bee nests
  • Pollinator plant lists
  • Pesticide guides
  • Bee identification and monitoring resources

For questions, comments, or to suggest additional content, please email [email protected].

Recommended Pollinator Plants

Pollinator Plants: Maritime Northwest Region (The Xerces Society: fact sheet)
Recommended native plants that are highly attractive to pollinators such as native bees, honey bees, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds, and are well-suited for small-scale plantings in gardens, on business and school campuses, in urban greenspaces, and in farm field borders.

Native Plant Profiles and Lists (Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: web site resource)
The Xerces Society has collaborated with the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center to create plant lists that are attractive to native bees, bumble bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects, as well as plant lists with value as nesting materials for native bees. These lists can be narrowed down with additional criteria such as state, soil moisture, bloom time, and sunlight requirements.

Regional Milkweed Guides A series of regional guides to the native milkweeds of North America, developed in cooperation with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Monarch Nectar Plant Guides While native milkweed is critical to support of monarch breeding, these regional guides were created to address a need for evidence-based, monarch-specific nectar plants throughout the U.S. These guides were developed in partnership with the Monarch Joint Venture and National Wildlife Federation and are geared toward gardeners and landscape designers but are also be useful for land managers who are implementing large-scale monarch restoration projects.

Plants for Pollinators in Oregon (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
This Oregon NRCS Technical Note describes the biology and habitat needs of native bees and other beneficial insects. An extensive and detailed list of plant species is included on pages 15 to 20.

Native Plants for Pacific Northwest Gardens (Metro: informational booklet)
With a focus on the Willamette Valley, this booklet recommends native shrubs, trees, and herbaceous plants that are well-suited for gardens; each plant’s value to wildlife and preferred growing conditions are denoted.

Plant Species for Pollinator Habitat in the Inland Pacific Northwest (USDA-NRCS Pullman Washington Plant Materials Center: informational poster)
This poster lists recommended pollinator plants east of the Cascade Mountains, with detailed information on seeding rates, plant characteristics, drought tolerance, bloom time, and other attributes.

Plants for Pollinators in the Inland Northwest (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
This NRCS Technical Note provides guidance for the design and implementation of conservation plantings to enhance habitat for pollinators. Plant species included in this document are adapted to the Inland Northwest; encompassing eastern Washington, northeastern Oregon and northern Idaho.

Plants for Pollinators in the Intermountain West (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
This NRCS Technical Note provides guidance for the design and implementation of conservation plantings to enhance habitat for pollinators. Plant species included in this document are adapted to the Intermountain West; encompassing southern Idaho, eastern Oregon, northern Nevada, and northern Utah.

Conservation Guides
Xerces Society Pollinator Habitat Installation Guides (The Xerces Society: conservation guides)
These regional guidelines provide in-depth practical guidance on how to install nectar and pollen habitat for bees in the form of wildflower meadow plantings or linear rows of native flowering shrubs.

Western Oregon & Washington Conservation Cover (Draft)

Western Oregon & Washington Hedgerow (Draft)

Making More Room (The Xerces Society: conservation guidelines)
A Companion Guide to Making Room for Native Pollinators: Oregon’s butterflies, local plants and extra resources.

Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards (Second Edition)
Produced by Cornell University, Penn State University, The Xerces Society, Northeastern IPM Center, USDA Department of Agriculture, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. This book includes a photo guide to bees most important to apple production in the East, steps to conserving wild bee populations, plant recommendations to enhance habitat, summary of bee toxicities for commonly used orchard pesticides, and links to additional information. Note: most of the information in this booklet is relevant to apple production in the Pacific Northwest region.

Native Pollinator Plant Nurseries and Seed Companies

Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes
The Xerces Society works with leading wildflower seed producers in multiple regions of the U.S. to develop custom native seed mixes that feature the best pollen and nectar plants available. Local ecotype, source-identified seed that is not treated with pesticides is used wherever possible. Large volume mixes are available at wholesale pricing to help offset the costs of native plant restoration.

Althouse Nursery, Cave Junction, OR
Offers container grown native trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants suitable for southern Oregon.

BC’s Wild Heritage Plants, Chilliwack BC
BC’s Wild Heritage Plants offers perennial plants, groundcovers, bulbs and ferns via mail order and retail sale hours by appointment.

Beaverlake Nursery, Beavercreek, OR
BeaverLake sells nursery stock wholesale, and specializes in groundcovers, wetland and native plants.

Bosky Dell Natives, West Linn, OR
As a retail and wholesale nursery, Bosky Dell offers Pacific Northwest native wildflowers, bulbs, shrubs and trees.

Champoeg Nursery, Inc., Aurora, OR
Champoeg provides perennial, wetland and woody plants native to the Pacific and Inland Northwest regions of the U. S.

Clearwater Native Plant Nursery, Redmond, OR
Clearwater is a wholesale nursery specializing in central Oregon native riparian, wetland and drought-tolerant plants.

Clearwater Seed, Spokane, WA
Clearwater offers native grass, forb and shrub seeds, as well as seed mixes designed for the Inland Northwest region.

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Tribal Native Plant Nursery, Pendleton, OR
Tribal Native Plant Nursery offers cuttings and containers of trees, shrubs, flowers and grasses of Oregon native species.

Derby Canyon Natives, Peshastin, WA
Derby Canyon sells native plants in containers and native seeds from habitats throughout Central Washington.

Desert Jewels Nursery, Spokane, WA
Desert Jewels Nursery provides local trees and shrubs and flowering plants with emphasis on drought tolerant natives of the West.

Echo Valley Natives, Oregon City, OR
Echo Valley provides plants native to Oregon and the Pacific Northwest.

Friendly Natives Plants and Design, Bainbridge Island, WA
Friendly Natives offers trees, shrubs, perennials and grasses from the Puget Sound / Western Washington area.

Fourth Corner Nurseries, Bellingham, WA
Fourth Corner sells plant material of native trees, shrubs, and wetland plants, primarily from the northwestern U.S. but also from the New England area.

Heritage Seedlings, Salem, OR
Heritage Seedlings provides plants of source-identified northwest native herbaceous perennials and woody species, and seed of native Willamette Valley upland and wet prairie species. See website for minimum purchase requirements.

Humble Roots Farm & Nursery, LLC, Mosier, OR
Humble Roots specializes in plants and seeds of the Pacific Northwest, particularly the Columbia River Gorge area.

Inside Passage Seeds, Port Townsend, WA
Inside Passage provides seed of Northwest trees, shrubs, wildflowers, and grasses, including wetland species.

Interior Land Reclamation Nursery, Winfield, BC
This wholesale plant nursery carries native plants for habitat restoration, stream rehabilitation, parks, trails, residential and commercial landscapes.

L&H Seeds, Inc. , Connell, WA
L&H offers native seed of Pacific Northwest grass, forb, legume and wild flower seeds.

Linnaea Nurseries Ltd., Langley, BC
Linnaea Nurseries Ltd is a wholesale plant nursery specializing in the production of hardy nursery stock and plants native to the Pacific Northwest.

Methow Natives, Winthrop, WA
Methow Natives provides a wide range of locally adapted native plants, source identified natives from the Methow watershed in Washington.

NALT Natural Abundance Native Plant Nursery, Nanaimo, BC
Operated by the Nanaimo and Area Land Trust this retail plant nursery offers native trees, shrubs, flowers, and other native plants and seed for sale.

Native Grounds Nursery, Brownsville, OR
A wholesale nursery specializing in natives, groundcovers, and wetland plants. Drought tolerant and pollinator attracting plants available as well.

N.A.T.S. Nursery Ltd., Langley, BC
A wholesale nursery supplying Pacific Northwest plants for restoration, reclamation, reforestation, sustainable gardening, construction and more.

The Natural Gardener, Vancouver, BC
The Natural Gardener garden store offers a selection of native plants and organic gardening supplies.

Nature’s Garden Seed Company, Duncan, BC
Nature’s Garden Seed Company sells native wildflower seed both retail and wholesale.

Native Plants of the Northwest, Salem, OR
Native Plants of the Northwest provides native trees, shrubs and smaller plants, including ferns and perennials.

Northwest Meadowscapes, Portland, OR
Offers Xerces-reviewed seed mixes for pollinator conservation projects.
Provider of true Northwest-native pollinator seed mixes for Western Oregon and Washington, including mixes containing rare and high value pollinator plant species.

Oak Point Nursery, Independence, OR
Oak Point Nursery provides Oregon native trees, shrubs, and perennials.

Oxbow Native Plant Nursery, Carnation, WA
Oxbow Native Plant Nursery specializes in trees, shrubs and perennials native to western Washington.

Pacific Northwest Natives, Albany, OR
Pacific Northwest Natives offers seed of Western native grasses and wildflowers.

Pacific Rim Native Plant Nursery, Chilliwack, BC
Specializing in hard to find native plants, this retail nursery is open by appointment only.

Peel’s Nurseries Ltd., Mission, BC
Wholesale nursery specializing in the propagation of native plants for commercial and residential landscapes, habitat and wetland restoration, stream rehabilitation, mitigation, highways, and parks.

Plantas Nativa, LLC, Bellingham, WA
Plantas Nativa provides regionally specific native seed and plants to Western Washington.

Plants of the Wild, Tekoa, WA
Plants of the Wild specializes in plant material of native plants of the Pacific Northwest and native grasses and wildflower seed.

Quality Seed Collections, Kamloops, BC
Quality Seed Collections offer seeds of trees, woody plants and wildflowers native to British Columbia.

Rainier Seeds, Inc. , Davenport, WA
Rainier Seeds, Inc. offers seeds of native and introduced grasses, forbs, legumes, shrubs and wildflowers for the Western U. S.

Rugged Country Plants, Milton-Freewater, OR
Rugged Country Plants is a nursery offering native perennials, shrubs, grasses and trees of the Intermountain region, retail and wholesale.

Russell Nursery, North Saanich, BC
Serving both landscapers and the general public, this retail nursery offers a variety of native plants.

Sagebrush Nursery, Oliver, BC
Sagebrush offers containerized grasses, perennials, shrubs and trees for the Northwest.

Scappoose Bay Watershed Council Native Plant Center, Warren, OR
Scappoose Bay Watershed Council’s native plant nursery sells plants for landowner and community restoration efforts.

Sevenoaks Native Nursery, Albany, OR
Sevenoaks is a wholesale nursery that provides sourced plant material of native species to the western U. S.

Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery, Talent, OR
Siskiyou offers unusual natives, with an emphasis on the Klamath-Siskiyou region of the Pacific Northwest.

Sound Native Plants, Inc. , Olympia, WA
Sound Native’s nursery offers containers of native trees, shrubs, flowers and grasses to the Pacific Northwest.

Split Rock Sekw’el’was Wild Plant Nursery, Lillooet, BC
Split Rock Sekw’el’was Wild Plant Nursery carries native trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses and sedges.

Storm Lake Growers, Inc. , Monroe, WA
Storm Lake Growers provides wholesale groundcovers, perennials, trees, shrubs, both Pacific Northwest natives and ornamentals.

Streamside Native Plants, Bowser, BC
Wholesale and retail nursery specializing in the propagation of trees, woody shrubs and perennials native to coastal British Columbia. Plants are grown without pesticides or herbicides.

University of British Columbia Shop-in-the-Garden, Vancouver, BC
Located within the UBC Botanic Garden, the Shop and Garden Centre offer seasonal selections of perennials, shrubs and vines.

Washington Association of Conservation Districts Plant Materials Center, Tumwater, WA
The Washington Association of Conservation Districts Plant Materials Center offers high quality conservation grade bare-root plants, shrubs, and services that benefit natural resources.

Watershed Garden Works, Longview, WA
Watershed Garden Works is a wholesale nursery that offers Northwestern native plants for wetlands, riparian and upland areas, from seed to containers.

Willamette Gardens, Corvallis, OR
Willamette Gardens provides containers of native trees, shrubs , and perennials, and also sells seed of select natives.

WinterCreek Restoration, Bend, OR
WinterCreek’s nursery offers Northwest native perennials and grasses, with a focus on desert species of Oregon and Nevada.

Woodbrook Nursery, Gig Harbor, WA
Woodbrook Nursery provides Pacific Northwest native plants, including trees and perennials.

Yellowpoint Propagation Ltd., Ladysmith BC
Yellow Point Propagation collects and supplies native plant seeds for ecological restoration projects and native plant gardening.

Bee Identification and Monitoring Resources

Western Bumble Bee Pocket Identification Guide (The Xerces Society: field ID guide)
A full color print-and-fold guide to the Western bumble bee (Bombus occidentalis), a formerly common species believed to be in decline. Includes images of similar looking species.

Bumble bees of the Western United States (USDA Forest Service: field ID guide)
This field guide was produced by the USDA Forest Service and the Pollinator Partnership. The Guide covers the most commonly encountered bumble bees of the Western United States. Each bee species has information on preferred food plants, nesting biology, seasonal activity patterns, identification guidelines, and distribution maps.


Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Mainstreaming of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services with a Focus on Pollination (Berkeley Food Institute)
The Berkeley Food Institute collaborated with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to author this publication. It considers the mainstreaming of ecosystem services at both national and international levels, with a focus on pollination services. Following work undertaken through the GEF/UNEP/FAO Global Pollination Project, and through funding from the Norwegian Environment Agency, this publication addresses the interface between science and policy as a contribution to the work of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

Supporting the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators
This set of guidelines, released as a follow-up to the President’s Memorandum on pollinator health, is a supplement to older guidance on sustainable management of landscapes. The guidance will help Federal agencies incorporate pollinator friendly practices into new federal construction and landscaping projects. Click here to download the guidelines, or read more at WhiteHouse.gov