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Publications Library

As a science-based organization, the Xerces Society produces dozens of publications annually, all of which employ the best available research to guide effective conservation efforts. Our publications range from guidelines for land managers, to brochures offering overviews of key concepts related to invertebrate conservation, from books about supporting pollinators in farmland, to region-specific plant lists. We hope that whatever you are seeking—whether it's guidance on making a home or community garden pollinator-friendly, advice on developing a local pesticide reduction strategy, or detailed information on restoring habitat—you will find it here!


Find Publications

Use the search functions to sort by publication type (books, guidelines, fact sheets, etc.), location, and/or subject (agriculture, gardens, pollinators, pesticides, etc.).

Search publication titles, subtitles, and descriptions for specific words or phrases.
A Regional Stakeholders Report
Pollinator Conservation in Minnesota and Wisconsin: A Regional Stakeholders Report summarizes the primary themes of that stakeholder meeting and identifies recommendations that conserve this essential ecological and economic resource.
Our twice yearly update for members, which highlights key Xerces Society projects and current conservation efforts.
Examining the impacts of pesticides on pollinators
The IPI database contains summaries of research articles on pesticides, their effects on invertebrates, and pesticide movement in the environment. Articles have been reviewed and summarized to highlight key findings by Xerces Society staff.

Wild monarch butterfly populations have declined by an estimated 90% in the past two decades, due to habitat loss primarily in the Midwestern U.S., where these migratory butterflies spend the summer months. Monarch butterflies are routinely purchased from commercial growers for release at weddings, funerals, and other celebrations, and to raise in classrooms and exhibits for educational purposes. Out of concern for monarch conservation, some private citizens are also rearing hundreds to thousands of monarchs in backyard operations for release into the wild.

Releasing lady beetles for biological control may seem beneficial, however this practice harms native lady beetles at collection sites, may harm local populations at release sites, and has been shown to not be effective at helping control local pest species.
For financial, health, and cultural reasons, serious declines in pollinator populations are causing global alarm. Many electric power companies are concerned about the decline in pollinators and would like to understand more about pollinator science, conservation opportunities, and associated costs and risks. Through management of large real estate assets, there is ecological potential to enhance pollinator habitat through well-designed, ecologically meaningful, and cost-effective actions on property that power companies manage. This technical brief provides an overview of pollinators, considerations for power companies, and an introduction to conservation strategies.
Stewardship and Environmental Education for Community-based Organizations
Conducting research with trained volunteers (citizen scientists) is an increasingly popular and successful model for gathering data while increasing public science education and connecting people with nature where they live and play. Xerces has used this model to develop effective protocols for volunteer-based mussel surveys. Our work has helped address existing gaps in capacity and education, but there are many opportunities to work with new partners in additional watersheds and across cultures. Native Freshwater Mussels in the Pacific Northwest is a guide to help those organizations in their restoration and conservation work.
An Identification Guide

More than ever before, there is widespread interest in studying bumble bees and the critical role they play in our ecosystems. Bumble Bees of North America is the first comprehensive guide to North American bumble bees to be published in more than a century. Richly illustrated with color photographs, diagrams, range maps, and graphs of seasonal activity patterns, this guide allows amateur and professional naturalists to identify all 46 bumble bee species found north of Mexico and to understand their ecology and changing geographic distributions.

International Environmental Law Project Report
The Xerces Society partnered with the International Environmental Law Project of the Lewis and Clark Law School to complete a review of the legal status of monarch butterflies in California, including summaries of any state, regional, or local regulations that pertain to the protection of monarch butterflies.
The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, Groundswell Coastal Ecology, California Department of Parks and Recreation, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have developed a western monarch butterfly overwintering site management plan that also serves as a template for land managers at other overwintering sites.