Activity Period and Flash Signal
This species emits a series of erratic greenish-yellow pulses and prolonged flash trains in a five-spot looping pattern.
This firefly has been documented at only three sites—in southern Tennessee, northwest South Carolina, and northern Georgia.
The loopy five firefly occurs in marsh habitats.
- IUCN Red List status: Vulnerable (tentative pending publication)
- NatureServe status: Not assessed
- U.S. Endangered Species Act status: None
Habitat loss is the main threat to this species, followed by light pollution. Habitat protection and increased survey efforts are critically needed to protect this firefly. One of the few sites from which it was known has been destroyed for the construction of a golf course.
- We need to know more about the distribution of this species. Report sightings of any fireflies you see to iNaturalist, or consider participating in Firefly Watch. This species has a distinct five-spot looping flash pattern that should help with ID.
- Turn off your outdoor lights at night so the lights of this firefly aren’t diminished by light pollution. You can read more about firefly-friendly lighting in our fact sheet.
- Avoid pesticide use, which could harm this firefly, its habitat, or its prey.
Candace Fallon, The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, based on the IUCN Red List assessment