Pollinator Conservation Resources – Mountain Region

The pollinator resources found on this page support habitat restoration in Idaho, western Montana, western Colorado, Utah, Nevada, western Wyoming, eastern British Columbia, and Alberta.

View all the regions in North America for other pollinator resources.
Click here to access national resources for the US and Canada including:

  • Conservation guides and fact sheets for farms, gardens, parks and natural areas
  • Information on native bee nests
  • Pollinator plant lists
  • Pesticide guides
  • Bee identification and monitoring resources

For questions, comments, or to suggest additional content, please email pollinators@xerces.org.

Recommended Pollinator Plants

Native Plant Profiles and Lists (Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: web site resource)
The Xerces Society has collaborated with the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center to create plant lists that are attractive to native bees, bumble bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects, as well as plant lists with value as nesting materials for native bees. These lists can be narrowed down with additional criteria such as state, soil moisture, bloom time, and sunlight requirements.

Regional Milkweed Guides A series of regional guides to the native milkweeds of North America, developed in cooperation with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Monarch Nectar Plant Guides While native milkweed is critical to support of monarch breeding, these regional guides were created to address a need for evidence-based, monarch-specific nectar plants throughout the U.S. These guides were developed in partnership with the Monarch Joint Venture and National Wildlife Federation and are geared toward gardeners and landscape designers but are also be useful for land managers who are implementing large-scale monarch restoration projects.

Plants for Pollinators in the Intermountain West (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
This NRCS Technical Note provides guidance for the design and implementation of conservation plantings to enhance habitat for pollinators. Plant species included in this document are adapted to the Intermountain West; encompassing southern Idaho, eastern Oregon, northern Nevada, and northern Utah.

Plants for Pollinators in the Inland Northwest (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
This NRCS Technical Note provides guidance for the design and implementation of conservation plantings to enhance habitat for pollinators. Plant species included in this document are adapted to the Inland Northwest; encompassing eastern Washington, northeastern Oregon and northern Idaho.

Gardening for Native Bees in Utah and Beyond (Utah State University: Extension fact sheet)
A guide to native and introduced garden plants appropriate to Utah and other Great Basin states. The guide includes color photos of various recommended plant species, and typical bees that might visit them.

Conservation Guides

Idaho Pollinator Habitat Assessment Form and Guide: Farms and Agricultural Landscapes (Xerces Society assessment tool)
This regional habitat assessment tool enables you to evaluate specific pollinator habitat features before and after project implementation in both orchard and field crop settings. The guidelines include step-by-step instructions and photographic examples of important habitat features.

Pollinator Biology and Habitat (Colorado USDA-NRCS: technical note)
An in-depth guide to native bee ecology and conservation for natural areas and farms in Colorado.

Pollinator Habitat Evaluation Guide (Colorado USDA-NRCS: habitat assessment tool)
A ranking spreadsheet that calculates the relative value of individual farms and rural landscapes for native pollinators.

Great Basin Pollinator Plants: Native Milkweeds (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
This guide profiles the common milkweeds of the Great Basin region, describes their wildlife value, and provides guidance on including them in Farm Bill conservation programs.

Plants for Pollinator Habitat in Nevada (USDA-NRCS: technical note)
An in-depth guide to native bee ecology and conservation for natural areas and farms in Nevada.

Native Pollinator Plant Nurseries and Seed Companies
Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes
The Xerces Society works with leading wildflower seed producers in multiple regions of the U.S. to develop custom native seed mixes that feature the best pollen and nectar plants available. Local ecotype, source-identified seed that is not treated with pesticides is used wherever possible. Large volume mixes are available at wholesale pricing to help offset the costs of native plant restoration.

Applewood Seed, Arvada, CO
Applewood provides bulk, wholesale wildflower and native grass seed, as well as Rocky Mountain regional and custom seed mixes.

Blackfoot Native Plants Nursery, Potomac, MT
Blackfoot Native Plants Nursery offers native grass, shrubs, and wildflower plants found in the prairies and dry montane forests of the Rocky Mountain West region.

Cedera Seed, Inc. , Swan Valley, ID
Cedera primarily offers grasses native to the Intermountain region.

Draggin Wing Farm, Boise, ID
Draggin Wing Farm offers a wide selection of native perennial plants for water-conserving landscapes such as Southern Idaho, N. Nevada, E. Oregon, and N. Utah.

Granite Seed, Lehi, UT
Granite Seed specializes in a diversity of local ecotype seed of grasses, forbs and shrubs native to the western USA.

Great Bear Native Plants, Hamilton, MT
Great Bear provides native tree, shrub, wildflower and grass plant materials in a variety of sizes to the Western U. S.

Grow Wild Nursery, Salt Lake City, UT
Grow Wild Nursery offers native shrubs, wildflowers, grasses and trees for riparian to desert habitats in Utah.

Native Ideals Seed Company, Arlee, MT
Native Ideals Seed Farm grows high quality, native wildflower seeds for the arid West.

Native Seed Foundation, Moyie Springs, ID
Native Seed Foundation specializes in seeds of woody shrubs, small trees, and ground covers native to the Intermountain and northwest.

Palouse-Clearwater Environmental Institute (PCEI) Learning Nursery, Moscow, ID
The Nursery makes available, through retail and wholesale sales, locally sourced native trees and shrubs of various sizes.

Pawnee Buttes Seed, Inc. , Greeley, CO
Pawnee Buttes Seed, Inc. provides native and introduced grass, forb, and shrub seed, along with wildflower seed mixes for Colorado and the Rocky Mountain area.

Pleasant Avenue Nursery, Buena Vista, CO
Pleasant Avenue Nursery offers container plants that are indigenous to the central Colorado Rockies.

Santa Ana Native Plant Nursery, Bernalillo, NM
Santa Ana Native Plant Nursery provides plants of flower, grass, tree, vine and shrub species native to the high desert and Southwest U. S.

Sierra Valley Farms, Beckwourth, CA
Sierra Valley Farms offers (retail and wholesale) native high elevation plants native to California and Nevada.

Southwest Montana Native Landscapes LLC, Glen, MT
Southwest Montana’s retail nursery has trees, shrubs, perennial wildflowers, and grasses in containers and seed for native grasses, for the Rocky Mountain area.

Stevenson Intermountain Seed, Inc. , Ephraim, UT
Stevenson provides grass, wildflower, shrub and tree seed of both native and introduced species.

Western Native Seed, Coaldale, CO
Western Native Seed specializes in native plant seed of wildflowers, trees and shrubs, grasses, wetland species, and regional seed mixes for the Rocky Mountain region and the western Great Plains.

Westscape Wholesale Nursery, Bozeman, MT
Westscape offers containerized plant material of native grasses, perennials and small shrubs native to S. W. Montana.

Wildland Nursery, Joseph, UT
Wildland Nursery provides trees, shrubs and wildflowers native to the Intermountain West.

Wind River Seed, Inc. , Manderson, WY
Wind River offers seeds of native plants, including grasses, wildflowers, shrubs, wetland and forest species, to the Great Plains and Intermountain region.

Bee Identification and Monitoring Resources

Western Bumble Bee Pocket Identification Guide (The Xerces Society: field ID guide)
A full color print-and-fold guide to the Western bumble bee (Bombus occidentalis), a formerly common species believed to be in decline. Includes images of similar looking species.

Bumble bees of the Western United States (USDA Forest Service: field ID guide)
This field guide was produced by the USDA Forest Service and the Pollinator Partnership. The Guide covers the most commonly encountered bumble bees of the Western United States. Each bee species has information on preferred food plants, nesting biology, seasonal activity patterns, identification guidelines, and distribution maps.

Bumble bees of Colorado This pictorial guide to the bumblebees of Colorado features photos, species discussions, county distribution maps, elevation ranges and more.


Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Mainstreaming of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services with a Focus on Pollination (Berkeley Food Institute)
The Berkeley Food Institute collaborated with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to author this publication. It considers the mainstreaming of ecosystem services at both national and international levels, with a focus on pollination services. Following work undertaken through the GEF/UNEP/FAO Global Pollination Project, and through funding from the Norwegian Environment Agency, this publication addresses the interface between science and policy as a contribution to the work of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

Supporting the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators
This set of guidelines, released as a follow-up to the President’s Memorandum on pollinator health, is a supplement to older guidance on sustainable management of landscapes. The guidance will help Federal agencies incorporate pollinator friendly practices into new federal construction and landscaping projects. Click here to download the guidelines, or read more at WhiteHouse.gov


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Pollinator Conservation Resource Center

The Resource Center is where you can find regional information about plant lists, habitat conservation guides, and more. Learn more.

Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes

Our partners in the native seed industry are offering specially designed, Xerces-approved wildflower seed mixes. Learn more.

Plant Milkweed Seed!

Milkweeds support monarch butterflies, native bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects. Search for sources of milkweed seed now!