Pollinator Conservation Resources – Southeast Region

The pollinator resources found on this page support habitat restoration in southern North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Kentucky, and Tennessee.

View all the regions in North America for other pollinator resources. Click here to access national resources for the US and Canada including:

  • Conservation guides and fact sheets for farms, gardens, parks and natural areas
  • Information on native bee nests
  • Pollinator plant lists
  • Pesticide guides
  • Bee identification and monitoring resources

For questions, comments, or to suggest additional content, please email pollinators@xerces.org.

Recommended Pollinator Plants

Pollinator Plants: Southeast Region and Pollinator Plants: Florida (The Xerces Society: fact sheet)
Recommended native plants that are highly attractive to pollinators such as native bees, honey bees, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds, and are well-suited for small-scale plantings in gardens, on business and school campuses, in urban greenspaces, and in farm field borders.

Native Plant Profiles and Lists (Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: web site resource)
The Xerces Society has collaborated with the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center to create plant lists that are attractive to native bees, bumble bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects, as well as plant lists with value as nesting materials for native bees. These lists can be narrowed down with additional criteria such as state, soil moisture, bloom time, and sunlight requirements.

Regional Milkweed Guides A series of regional guides to the native milkweeds of North America, developed in cooperation with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Monarch Nectar Plant Guides While native milkweed is critical to support of monarch breeding, these regional guides were created to address a need for evidence-based, monarch-specific nectar plants throughout the U.S. These guides were developed in partnership with the Monarch Joint Venture and National Wildlife Federation and are geared toward gardeners and landscape designers but are also be useful for land managers who are implementing large-scale monarch restoration projects.

The Diversity and Floral Hosts of Bees at the Archbold Biological Station, Florida (Center for Systematic Entomology: research article).
This academic research paper details the results of a survey of bee visitation to various Florida plants.

Butterfly Gardening in Florida (University of Florida: Extension fact sheet)
An in-depth guide to nectar and larval host plants for Florida butterflies.

Conservation Guides

Xerces Society Pollinator Habitat Installation Guides (The Xerces Society: conservation guides)
These regional guidelines provide in-depth practical guidance on how to install nectar and pollen habitat for bees in the form of wildflower meadow plantings or linear rows of native flowering shrubs.

Florida Pollinator Habitat Installation Guide: Conservation Cover

Florida Pollinator Habitat Installation Guide: Hedgerows

Alabama Conservation Security Program: Wildlife Enhancement Activity, Pollinator Areas (Alabama USDA-NRCS: job sheet)
A job sheet containing Alabama’s technical specifications for establishing and maintaining pollinator areas under the 2008 Conservation Security Programs.

Bee Conservation in the Southeast (University of Georgia: web site resource)
An overview of common bees in the Southeast and recommended plants and habitat management practices for their conservation.

Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards (Second Edition)
Produced by Cornell University, Penn State University, The Xerces Society, Northeastern IPM Center, USDA Department of Agriculture, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. This book includes a photo guide to bees most important to apple production in the East, steps to conserving wild bee populations, plant recommendations to enhance habitat, summary of bee toxicities for commonly used orchard pesticides, and links to additional information.

Native Pollinator Plant Nurseries and Seed Companies

Abide A While Garden Center, Mount Pleasant, SC
Abide A While Garden Center offers native and non-native plants.

All Native Garden Center & Plant Nursery, Fort Meyers, FL
This nursery sells wildflowers, shrubs, trees and aquatic species native to Florida.

Applewood Seed Company, Arvada, CO
Applewood Seed Company offers native wildflower and garden flower seeds.

Aquatic Plants of Florida, Inc. , Sarasota, FL
APF provides wholesale freshwater grasses, wildflowers, trees and shrubs, including salt-tolerant species, native to the Southeastern U.S.

ATS Nursery, Bainbridge, GA
ATS Nursery grows over 40 different species of native grasses, wetland plants, and trees. They will also contract collect and grow desired species.

Bamert Seed Company, Muleshoe, TX
Bamert Seed company offers over 200 species of high quality native grasses, forbs, and legumes.

Biophilia Native Nursery, Elberta, AL
Biophilia offers a wide range of native wildflowers and seeds, with a focus on species that are host plants for butterflies.

Biosphere Consulting, Inc. , Winter Garden, FL
Biosphere’s nursery provides native wetland and upland herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees, as well as wildflower seeds.

Carolina Wetland Services, Charlotte, NC
The native plant nursery of Carolina Wetland Services provides aquatic, wetland and riparian plants of the Southwest region.

Carolina Wild, Anderson, SC
Carolina Wild specializes in containerized perennials, grasses, shrubs and vines native to South Carolina, SW North Carolina, and NE Georgia.

Central Florida Native Flora, Inc. , San Antonio, FL
This nursery offers wildflowers, grasses, trees, shrubs and aquatic species native to Florida.

Coastal Plain Conservation Nursery, Inc., Edenton, NC
Coastal Plain Conservation Nursery propagates wild-type native wetland and aquatic plants for projects in the Carolinas, southeastern Virginia, and beyond.

Coopers Seeds, Lawrenceville, GA
Coopers Seeds offers regional seed mixes.

Dropseed Native Nursery, Goshen, KY
Dropseed Native Plant Nursery supplies local ecotype plants and seeds for prairie and wetland species of Kentucky.

Elk Mountain Nursery, Asheville, NC
Elk Mountain Nursery specializes in forbs, shrubs, vines, and trees native to the Eastern United States.

Environmental Concern, St. Michaels, MD
Environmental Concerns is a 501(c)3 public not for profit dedicated to working with all aspects of wetlands in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed and beyond. They have 120 native wetland plans in propagation for wetland restoration efforts.

Environmental Seed Producers, Lompoc, CA
Environmental Seed Producers supplies high quality bulk wildflower seed, dazzling wildflower seed mixtures, and reliable easy-care garden flower seed.

Ernst Conservation Seed, Live Oak, FL
Offers Xerces-reviewed seed mixes for pollinator conservation projects.
Ernst sells a diversity of Southeastern ecotype native wildflower and grass seeds, as well as planting material of trees and shrubs.

Florida Association of Native Nurseries , Melbourne, FL
The Florida Association of Native Nurseries (“FANN”) provides a wealth of information about using Florida native plants in gardens, landscaping, and restoration.

Florida Native Plants, Inc. , Sarasota, FL
Florida Native Plants Nursery provides young trees, shrubs, palms, grasses, ground covers, aquatics, and wildflowers native to Florida.

Florida Wildflower Cooperative, Crescent City, FL
Florida Wildflower Cooperative produces and supplies high quality wildflower seed and plant materials restoration in Florida.

Gardens of Blue Ridge, Pineola, NC
Gardens of Blue Ridge is a family owned and operated company specializing in wildflowers, ferns, native orchids, trees and shrubs.

Georgia Forestry Commission Nursery, Macon, GA
Georgia Forestry Commission Nursery sells tree seedlings that are adapted to Georgia’s unique climate and soils.

Growild, Inc. , Fairview, TN
GroWild is a plant nursery specializing in native Eastern U. S. plants, including perennials, wildflowers, trees, shrubs, vines, and grasses.

Ironweed Native Plant Nursery , Columbia, KY
Ironweed is a plant nursery specializing in native Kentucky plants. Every effort is made to obtain seed from multiple locations within the Interior Low Plateaus Physiographic Province of Kentucky.

Lamtree Farm, Warrensville, NC
Lamtree Farm is a retail and wholesale nursery provide native and nonnative trees, shrubs, and wildflowers.

Legare Farms, Johns Island, SC
Legare Farms grows Zoysia, Bermuda, St. Augustine, and Centipede sod as well as a variety of nursery plants.

Mail Order Natives, Lee, FL
Mail Order Natives offers native plants grown in their own facility.

Maple Street Natives, West Melbourne, FL
Maple Street’s retail and wholesale nursery offers over 150 species of Central Florida native plants.

Meadowbrook Nursery/We-Du Natives, Marion, NC
Meadowbrook Nursery offers native deciduous azaleas, rhododendrons, and mountain laurels.

Meek’s Farms & Nursery, Kite, GA
Meek’s Farms & Nursery provides native deep plug container seedlings.

Mellow Marsh Farm, Siler City, NC
Mellow Marsh Farm specializes in the propagation of wetland plants native to the Southeast. Their plants are grown from seed collected in the Carolinas and Virginia.

Naturescapes of Beaufort, Lady’s Island, SC
Naturescapes of Beaufort offers earth-friendly landscaping, native plant sales, educational programs, vegetation surveys, and consultation services.

Nashville Natives, LLC, Fairview, TN
Nashville Natives sells native wildflowers, ferns, grasses, trees and shrubs of Tennessee ecotype.

Native Nurseries of Tallahassee, Inc. , Tallahassee, FL
This retail nursery specializes in woodland native plants as well as coastal / dune plants of Florida.

Nearly Native Nursery, Fayetteville, GA
Nearly Native Nursery is a specialty nursery that promotes, sells, and propagates native plants for all types of landscapes.

Prairie Frontier, Wankesha, WI
Prairie Frontier specializes in native wildflower and prairie grass seed.

Pure Native, Lafayette, LA
Pure Native, out of University of Louisiana at Lafayette, cultivates approximately 50 species that were collected as seed from natural remnant coastal prairie populations in Texas and Louisiana. All plants are true Cajun prairie natives.

Taylor Nursery (SC Forestry Commission) Trenton, SC
Taylor Nursery provides wiregrass and local ecotype wildflower plus and native trees and shrubs. They will also grow plugs from collected seed for a specific contract or project.

The Natives, Inc. , Davenport, FL
Florida native grasses, sandhill and scrub species, wildflowers, wetland trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants can all be found at The Natives plant nursery.

Roundstone Native Seed, Upton, KY
Roundstone produces native grass, wildflower, and legume seed and plant materials, and specializes in Ohio Valley and Southeastern ecotypes.

Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery, Sanibel, FL
The Native Plant Nursery is a retail nursery that sells a variety of live native plants appropriate for the southwest Florida region.

Shady Grove Nursery, Orangeburg, SC
Shady Grove Nursery offers a wide selection of better cultivars in hollies, southern magnoliaas, and shad and flowering trees.

Sharp Brothers Seed Company, Clinton, MO
Sharp Brothers Seed Company offers a limited selection of native seeds, native habitat and grass mixtures.

Shooting Star Nursery, Georgetown, KY
Shooting Star Nursery specializes in plants native to Kentucky, and propagates a large diversity of species of native plants, trees, shrubs, aquatics, and vines.

Southern Habitats, Greenville, FL
Southern Habitats specializes in the use of native plants to create havens for the wildlife of the Southeast United States.

Sunlight Gardens, Andersonville, TN
Sunlight Gardens specializes in primarily herbaceous plants that are native to the Eastern United States.

Wilcox Nursery, Largo, FL
Wilcox Nursery provides native-to-Florida trees, shrubs, wildflowers and grasses.

Woodlanders, Aiken, SC
Woodlanders nursery offers native grasses, wildflowers, trees, and shrubs in containers.

Bee Identification and Monitoring Resources

Rusty-Patched Bumble Bee Pocket Identification Guide (The Xerces Society: field ID guide)
A full color print-and-fold guide to the rusty-patched bumble bee (Bombus affinis), a formerly common species believed to be in decline. Includes images of similar looking species.

Bumble bees of the Eastern United States (USDA Forest Service: field ID guide)
This field guide was produced by the USDA Forest Service and the Pollinator Partnership. The Guide covers the most commonly encountered bumble bees of the Eastern United States. Each bee species has information on preferred food plants, nesting biology, seasonal activity patterns, identification guidelines, and distribution maps.


Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Mainstreaming of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services with a Focus on Pollination (Berkeley Food Institute)
The Berkeley Food Institute collaborated with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to author this publication. It considers the mainstreaming of ecosystem services at both national and international levels, with a focus on pollination services. Following work undertaken through the GEF/UNEP/FAO Global Pollination Project, and through funding from the Norwegian Environment Agency, this publication addresses the interface between science and policy as a contribution to the work of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

Supporting the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators
This set of guidelines, released as a follow-up to the President’s Memorandum on pollinator health, is a supplement to older guidance on sustainable management of landscapes. The guidance will help Federal agencies incorporate pollinator friendly practices into new federal construction and landscaping projects. Click here to download the guidelines, or read more at WhiteHouse.gov


Sign up for our newsletter to receive up to date information about our programs and events.

Contact Us

Email us with your questions and comments about pollinator conservation.

Learn About Your Landscape:
Take Action!
Sign the Pledge!

Sign the pledge and take action to help protect pollinators and their essential habitats! Learn more.

Pollinator Conservation Resource Center

The Resource Center is where you can find regional information about plant lists, habitat conservation guides, and more. Learn more.

Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes

Our partners in the native seed industry are offering specially designed, Xerces-approved wildflower seed mixes. Learn more.

Plant Milkweed Seed!

Milkweeds support monarch butterflies, native bees, honey bees, and other beneficial insects. Search for sources of milkweed seed now!