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Publications Library

As a science-based organization, the Xerces Society produces dozens of publications annually, all of which employ the best available research to guide effective conservation efforts. Our publications range from guidelines for land managers, to brochures offering overviews of key concepts related to invertebrate conservation, from books about supporting pollinators in farmland, to region-specific plant lists. We hope that whatever you are seeking—whether it's guidance on making a home or community garden pollinator-friendly, advice on developing a local pesticide reduction strategy, or detailed information on restoring habitat—you will find it here!


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Use the search functions to sort by publication type (books, guidelines, fact sheets, etc.), location, and/or subject (agriculture, gardens, pollinators, pesticides, etc.).

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Essays on Invertebrate Conservation
There seems to be a constant flow of bad news about environmental losses and declining wildlife populations. But there are also individuals and organizations working to create positive change, helping to turn the tide and bringing hope for the future.
This fact sheet discusses why insecticides and fungicides shouldn’t be your first choice for treating trees and shrubs, outlines a prudent approach to handling possible insect and disease issues, and offers smarter strategies for maintaining healthy trees and shrubs.
The monarch was proposed for listing in 2014 through a petition submitted by the Xerces Society and our conservation partners, including Center for Biological Diversity, Center for Food Safety, and the late Dr. Lincoln Brower.

The western monarch population is at a critically low level. Work to improve monarch habitat in California is more important than ever. This fact sheet identifies the most important actions that should be taken in five different regions of California, and provides notes and guidance on selecting the appropriate species of milkweeds and nectar plants.

The goal of this tool is to evaluate pollinator habitat at a given urban, suburban, or rural site and identify areas for improvement. This process will also help users prioritize the most essential next steps to take for pollinators at the site.
Rethinking Weed Management at Home

Though insecticides pose the most obvious risk to bees and other pollinators, this factsheet focuses on herbicides because they too can be harmful. Learn about herbicides, their risk to pollinators, their use cases, and alternative solutions to manage weeds and unwanted plants. 

Monarch Butterflies: Xerces Society Policy on Butterfly Releases

Washington State

The objective of this conservation strategy is to identify geographic areas within the state of Washington with the highest potential to support rare and declining bumble bee species and provide guidance and recommendations for management of those areas. Maintaining sufficient populations of each focal species is essential to the long-term persistence of these animals. This will require protecting and enhancing habitat for foraging, nesting, and overwintering, while ensuring connectivity between habitat areas, across jurisdictions.

Integrated Pest and Pollinator Management, or IPPM, is a strategic framework for managing pests while protecting pollinators. As its name implies, IPPM takes the core principles and practices of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and adds specific considerations and strategies for protecting pollinators. The foundations of IPPM include conservation biological control, scouting and monitoring, identifying evidence-based treatment thresholds, and practicing non-chemical management strategies to reduce reliance on and use of pesticides.