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Publications Library

As a science-based organization, the Xerces Society produces dozens of publications annually, all of which employ the best available research to guide effective conservation efforts. Our publications range from guidelines for land managers, to brochures offering overviews of key concepts related to invertebrate conservation, from books about supporting pollinators in farmland, to region-specific plant lists. We hope that whatever you are seeking—whether it's guidance on making a home or community garden pollinator-friendly, advice on developing a local pesticide reduction strategy, or detailed information on restoring habitat—you will find it here!


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The threatened species categories used in Red Data Books and Red Lists have been in place for almost 30 years. The IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria provide an easily and widely understood system for classifying species at high risk of global extinction, so as to focus attention on conservation measures designed to protect them. This latest version of the classification system was adopted by the IUCN Council in February 2001 and reflects comments from the IUCN and SSC memberships and the final meeting of the Criteria Review Working Group.

Ecological Pest Control Solutions
Lady beetles, syrphid flies, lacewings, and other beneficial insects prey upon crop pests, reducing or eliminating the need for pesticides. This comprehensive guide describes how to recognize these insects and their habitat, and how to evaluate, design, and improve habitat for them. Authors Eric Lee-Mäder, Jennifer Hopwood, Mace Vaughan, Scott Hoffman Black, and Lora Morandin discuss the ecology of native beneficial insects and how to increase their numbers on your farm through simple conservation strategies.
How you can attract and protect beautiful, beneficial insects
Protect and nurture the best-loved of garden guests: butterflies, nature’s kaleidoscopes with wings. The Xerces Society introduces you to a variety of butterflies who need our help, and provides suggestions for native plants to attract them, habitat designs to help them thrive, and garden practices to accommodate all their stages of life.
Protecting North America’s Bees and Butterflies
Attracting Native Pollinators is Illustrated with hundreds of color photographs and dozens of specially created illustrations across four sections: pollinators and pollination, taking action, bees of North America, and creating a pollinator-friendly landscape. Read it for your own enjoyment or use it as a teaching guide to inform others.
Provide a Healthy Habitat to Help Pollinators Thrive
100 Plants to Feed the Bees offers browsable profiles of 100 common flowers, herbs, shrubs, and trees that attract bees, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds.
Create a Healthy Habitat to Sustain America’s Most Beloved Butterfly
100 Plants to Feed the Bees provides at-a-glance profiles of plants that provide monarchs with nourishment. The listed plants are all commercially available, and range from milkweeds to flowering plants, shrubs, and trees that provide nectar for the adult butterfly, including those that sustain monarchs in their great migration.
This fact sheet provides detailed information on cherry tomato crop pollinators, including a list of the most important native bees that visit this crop, and steps that can be taken to protect or enhance habitat for these pollinators. The information provided is based on field research conducted by Dr. Claire Kremen (University of California, Berkeley), Dr. Neal Williams and Nikki Nicola.
A group of forty key researchers, land managers, state and federal agency representatives, and conservationists for an in-person meeting in May 2023 for collaborative strategic planning of shared priorities of western monarch overwintering science. This fact sheet summarizes the priority themes and key questions that arose from the meeting.

This brochure introduces the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation and explains what we do and why. 

This pocket guide is intended as a portable, accessible, basic guide for observing and learning about soil invertebrates and what their presence may indicate about soil health. It can be printed double sided and folded to fit in a pocket. In the PDF, clicking the link icon in the upper right of each profile opens the full profile in the Farming with Soil Life Handbook publication. This pocket bioindicator guide is part of Xerces’ Soil LIfe project and resources.